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  • Title: densidad regional
    Descriptive info: .. Home.. densidad regional.. de américa del sur.. Comments.. Posts.. Entradas recientes.. Pfc.. Bradley E.. Manning s Statement for the Providence Inquiry.. ¿Qué piensan algunos economistas sobre la crisis y la realidad actual del capitalismo?.. La deuda externa, la pérdida de la Libertad y Soberanía, y como recuperarlas definitivamente.. Pachakuti, Isla del Sol, Lake Titicaca, Bolivia : 21/12/2012.. ¿Libertad o soberanía herida?.. Flash MP3 Player.. Here is the Music Player.. You need to installl flash player to show this cool thing!.. Comentarios recientes.. Yeah! Journalist Tony Phillips goes to La isla del sol , Bolivia.. en.. tones.. Por un Banco Del Sur al servicio de los pueblos.. Rebecca Sommer.. THE FUKUSHIMA SYNDROME.. Severe Climate degradation and Poverty; the Urban Tigers of | Non-governmental organizations.. Climate degradation and Poverty; the Urban Tigers of Southeast Asia.. Defender la Madre Tierra (Pachamama) en Cochabamba.. Meta.. Registrarse.. Acceder.. RSS.. de las entradas.. de los comentarios.. WordPress.. org.. Source.. The statement below was read by Private First Class Bradley E.. Manning at the providence inquiry for his formal plea of guilty to one specification under Article 92 with a substituted time frame for the offense, and nine specifications for lesser included offenses under Article 134.. He pled not guilty to 12 other specifications.. This transcript was taken by journalist Alexa O Brien at the Article 39(a) session of United States v.. Bradley Manning on February 28, 2013 at Fort Meade, MD, USA.. Judge Lind: Pfc.. Manning you may read your statement.. Bradley Manning: Yes, your Honor.. I wrote this statement in the confinement facility.. The following facts are provided in support of the providence inquiry for my court martial, United States v.. Manning.. Continue reading Pfc.. marzo 7th, 2013 | Category:.. #OccupyWallStreet.. ,.. Derechos Humanos.. English.. Política Economía.. |.. Leave a comment.. Alberto Rabilotta.. (Parte I de II).. Lo peor de la crisis ha pasado, nos dicen banqueros, funcionarios y políticos nacionales y supranacionales que nunca perdieron un empleo porque jamás trabajaron en una fábrica o una oficina por un salario que apenas alcanza para vivir.. Con esto, como vimos en el Foro del gran capital en Davos, nos están diciendo que los planes de austeridad han funcionado, que el creciente desempleo es parte de la solución y no el problema, que hay que seguir despidiendo trabajadores y empleados, hacer que el empleo sea más precario para poder seguir bajando los salarios, acortando las vacaciones, aplastando la resistencia sindical donde aún existe, cortando las pensiones y programas sociales, etcétera.. Continue reading ¿Qué piensan algunos economistas sobre la crisis y la realidad actual del capitalismo?.. febrero 4th, 2013 | Tags:.. Español.. Finanzas.. Medio Ambiente.. | Category:.. La deuda externa, la pérdida de la Libertad y Soberanía,.. y como recuperarlas definitivamente.. Javier Llorens,.. Diciembre 2012.. Nuevo libro para.. bajar.. del Internet en PDF.. enero 2nd, 2013 | Category:.. Dateline: the end of no-time, 21/12/2012.. Tony Phillips.. We arrived in a military transport with the Bolivian Naval Band just after dawn.. 70 musicians and thirty civilians, five of them journalists.. Neither the band nor the journalists were  ...   called being a patzer.. Patzer: an amateurish blunderer, probably from the German patzen, to bungle.. One mark of the patzer is to fall into avoidable traps: to walk into fool s mate, grab the poisoned pawn, neglect strategic development in favor of quick gains.. Continue reading Beyond Patzers and Clients Strategic Reflections on Climate Change and the Green Economy.. septiembre 23rd, 2012 | Tags:.. Programa de Radio RAE.. septiembre 3rd, 2012 | Category:.. General.. $80-trillion urban boost for mining projected – Anglo.. Editorial comment:.. Martin Creamer.. of Mining Weekly.. writes about the numbers that make the owners of the minimg sector (including energy of course) wet themsselves for future share prices.. If this unsustainable model of development and consumption spreads across the planet we shall hundreds of thousands of new tower blocks of constructions and the slums that come with them to build and build then to fix, rebult, heat etc etc The proress is endless.. Theis development model makes mining a very lucrative industry.. Here are some of the numbers behind the theories of development and the profitability of Mining.. JOHANNESBURG: SOUTH AFRICA.. http://miningweekly.. com/.. Projections to 2025 point to cities around the world constructing the equivalent of the entire land area of Austria – 80 000 km.. 2.. – in residential and commercial floor space, which would require.. $80-trillion.. worth of investment.. Continue reading $80-trillion urban boost for mining projected – Anglo.. julio 31st, 2012 | Tags:.. "Development".. Banco del Sur.. Canada.. Hemispheric Resistance to Canadian Mining.. Author: Sandra Cuffe.. Day of Action organizers speak out about repression, connections, solidarity.. VANCOUVER CANADA —From Canada to Argentina, preparations are well underway for the Continental Day of Action Against Canadian Mega Resource Extraction on August 1.. Dozens of organizations have signed a call for the day of protest in solidarity with communities impacted by Canadian extractive industries.. The event is meant to highlight the dominance of the Canadian mining industry worldwide.. Their demands range from divestment to putting people before profit.. But some activists in North America argue that the serious repression accompanying Canadian mining around the world requires going further than those initial demands.. They say that acknowledgment, a sense of urgency and a deeper strategic analysis for concrete local action are also needed.. Communities and organizers resisting extractive industry projects in Latin America continue to face displacement, harassment, threats, and death, often dismissed as part of unrelated violence and conflicts.. Continue reading Hemispheric Resistance to Canadian Mining.. julio 30th, 2012 | Tags:.. Honduras.. Older Entries.. Recent Posts.. Catastroika.. Tragic week in Paraguay.. Porque me mata la inflaccion?.. Pongamos freno a las corporaciones: ¿Quién? ¿Cómo? ¿Cuándo?.. A Viagra shot for the flailing carbon markets.. Interview w/ a Paris-based journalist: The Truth About Debt: A Close Look at Ireland and Greece.. St.. Patrick s Day brings Dublin comes off a simmer.. Cash of the Titans: Against the Noxious Fantasy of Limitless Growth.. Christmas card from Africa.. Min.. de la Economía Argentino y el Banco Mundial junto con los participes del fraude.. Copyright 2013.. - All Rights Reserved.. Powered by.. Atahualpa..

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  • Title: Pfc. Bradley E. Manning’s Statement for the Providence Inquiry « densidad regional
    Descriptive info: Personal Facts.. I am a twenty-five year old Private First Class in the United States Army currently assigned to Headquarters and Headquarters Company, HHC, US Army Garrison (USAG), Joint Base Myer, Henderson Hall, Fort Meyer, Virginia.. My [exodus?] assignment I was assigned to HHC, 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division at Fort Drum, NY.. My primary military occupational specialty or MOS is 35 Foxtrot intelligence analyst.. I entered active duty status on 2 October 2007.. I enlisted with the hope of obtaining both real world experience and earning benefits under the GI Bill for college opportunities.. Facts regarding my position as an intelligence analyst.. In order to enlist in the Army I took the Standard Armed Services Aptitude Battery or [ASVAB?].. My score on this battery was high enough for me to qualify for any enlisted MOS position.. My recruiter informed me that I should select an MOS that complimented my interests outside the military.. In response, I told him that I was interested in geopolitical matters and information technology.. He suggested that I consider becoming an intelligence analyst.. After researching the intelligence analyst position, I agreed that this would be a good fit for me.. In particular, I enjoyed the fact that an analyst could use information derived from a variety of sources to create work products that informed the command of its available choices for determining the best course of action or COA s.. Although the MOS required working knowledge of computers, it primarily required me to consider how raw information can be combined with other available intelligence sources in order to create products that assisted the command in its situational awareness or SA.. I accessed that my natural interest in geopolitical affairs and my computer skills would make me an excellent intelligence analyst.. After enlisting I reported to the Fort Meade military entrance processing station on 1 October 2007.. I then traveled to and reported at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri on 2 October 2007 to begin basic combat training or BCT.. Once at Fort Leonard Wood I quickly realized that I was neither physically nor mentally prepared for the requirements of basic training.. My BCT experience lasted six months instead of the normal ten weeks.. Due to medical issues, I was placed on a hold status.. A physical examination indicated that I sustained injuries to my right soldier and left foot.. Due to those injuries I was unable to continue basic.. During medical hold, I was informed that I may be out processed from the Army, however, I resisted being chaptered out because I felt that I could overcome my medical issues and continue to serve.. On 2[8 or 20?] January 2008, I returned to basic combat training.. This time I was better prepared and I completed training on 2 April 2008.. I then reported for the MOS specific Advanced Individual Training or AIT on 7 April 2008.. AIT was an enjoyable experience for me.. Unlike basic training where I felt different from the other soldiers, I fit in and did well.. I preferred the mental challenges of reviewing a large amount of information from various sources and trying to create useful or actionable products.. I especially enjoyed the practice of analysis through the use of computer applications and methods that I was familiar with.. I graduated from AIT on 16 August 2008 and reported to my first duty station, Fort Drum, NY on 28 August 2008.. As an analyst, Significant Activities or SigActs were a frequent source of information for me to use in creating work products.. I started working extensively with SigActs early after my arrival at Fort Drum.. My computer background allowed me to use the tools of organic to the Distributed Common Ground System-Army or D6-A computers to create polished work products for the 2nd Brigade Combat Team chain of command.. The non-commissioned officer in charge, or NCOIC, of the S2 section, then Master Sergeant David P.. Adkins recognized my skills and potential and tasked me to work on a tool abandoned by a previously assigned analyst, the incident tracker.. The incident tracker was viewed as a back up to the Combined Information Data Network Exchange or CIDNE and as a unit, historical reference to work with.. In the months preceding my upcoming deployment, I worked on creating a new version of the incident tracker and used SigActs to populate it.. The SigActs I used were from Afghanistan, because at the time our unit was scheduled to deploy to the Logar and Wardak Provinces of Afghanistan.. Later my unit was reassigned to deploy to Eastern Baghdad, Iraq.. At that point, I removed the Afghanistan SigActs and switched to Iraq SigActs.. As and analyst I viewed the SigActs as historical data.. I believed this view is shared by other all-source analysts as well.. SigActs give a first look impression of a specific or isolated event.. This event can be an improvised explosive device attack or IED, small arms fire engagement or SAF, engagement with a hostile force, or any other event a specific unit documented and recorded in real time.. In my perspective the information contained within a single SigAct or group of SigActs is not very sensitive.. The events encapsulated within most SigActs involve either enemy engagements or causalities.. Most of this information is publicly reported by the public affairs office or PAO, embedded media pools, or host nation (HN) media.. As I started working with SigActs I felt they were similar to a daily journal or log that a person may keep.. They capture what happens on a particular day in time.. They are created immediately after the event, and are potentially updated over a period of hours until final version is published on the Combined Information Data Network Exchange.. Each unit has its own Standard Operating Procedure or SOP for reporting and recording SigActs.. The SOP may differ between reporting in a particular deployment and reporting in garrison.. In garrison, a SigAct normally involves personnel issues such as driving under the influence or DUI incidents or an automobile accident involving the death or serious injury of a soldier.. The reports starts at the company level and goes up to the battalion, brigade, and even up to the division level.. In deployed environment a unit may observe or participate in an event and a platoon leader or platoon sergeant may report the event as a SigAct to the company headquarters and through the radio transmission operator or RTO.. The commander or RTO will then forward the report to the battalion battle captain or battle non-commissioned officer or NCO.. Once the battalion battle captain or battle NCO receives the report they will either (1) notify the battalion operations officer or S3; (2) conduct an action, such as launching a quick reaction force; or (3) record the event and report and further report it up the chain of command to the brigade.. The reporting of each event is done by radio or over the Secret Internet Protocol Router Network or SIPRNet, normally by an assigned soldier, usually junior enlisted E-4 and below.. Once the SigAct is recorded, the SigAct is further sent up the chain of command.. At each level, additional information can either be added or corrected as needed.. Normally within 24 to 48 hours, the updating and reporting or a particular SigAct is complete.. Eventually all reports and SigActs go through the chain of command from brigade to division and division to corps.. At corps level the SigAct is finalized and [missed word].. The CIDNE system contains a database that is used by thousands of Department of Defense DoD personnel including soldiers, civilians, and contractors support.. It was the United States Central Command or CENTCOM reporting tool for operational reporting in Iraq and Afghanistan.. Two separate but similar databases were maintained for each theater CIDNE-I for Iraq and CIDNE-A for Afghanistan.. Each database encompasses over a hundred types of reports and other historical information for access.. They contain millions of vetted and finalized directories including operational intelligence reporting.. CIDNE was created to collect and analyze battle-space data to provide daily operational and Intelligence Community (IC) reporting relevant to a commander s daily decision making process.. The CIDNE-I and CIDNE-A databases contain reporting and analysis fields for multiple disciplines including Human Intelligence or HUMINT reports, Psychological Operations or PSYOP reports, Engagement reports, Counter Improvised Explosive Device or CIED reports, SigAct reports, Targeting reports, Social and Cultural reports, Civil Affairs reports, and Human Terrain reporting.. As an intelligence analyst, I had unlimited access to the CIDNE-I and CIDNE-A databases and the information contained within them.. Although each table within the database is important, I primarily dealt with HUMINT reports, SigAct reports, and Counter IED reports, because these reports were used to create a work product I was required to published as an analyst.. In working on an assignment I looked anywhere and everywhere for information.. As an all-source analyst, this was something that was expected.. The D6-A systems had databases built in, and I utilized them on a daily basis.. This simply was the search tools available on the D6-A systems on SIPRNet such as Query Tree and the DoD and Intellink search engines.. Primarily, I utilized the CIDNE database using the historical and HUMINT reporting to conduct my analysis and provide a back up for my work product.. I did statistical analysis on historical data including SigActs to back up analysis that were based on HUMINT reporting and produce charts, graphs, and tables.. I also created maps and charts to conduct predictive analysis based on statistical trends.. The SigAct reporting provided a reference point for what occurred and provided myself and other analysts with the information to conclude possible outcome.. Although SigAct reporting is sensitive at the time of their creation, their sensitivity normally dissipates within 48 to 72 hours as the information is either publicly released or the unit involved is no longer in the area and not in danger.. It is my understanding that the SigAct reports remain classified only because they are maintained within CIDNE because it is only accessible on SIPRnet.. Everything on CIDNE-I and CIDNE-A to include SigAct reporting was treated as classified information.. Facts regarding the storage of SigAct Reports.. As part of my training at Fort Drum, I was instructed to ensure that I create back ups of my work product.. The need to create back ups was particularly acute given the relative instability and reliability of the computer systems we used in the field during deployment.. These computer systems included both organic and theater provided equipment (TPE) D6-A machines.. The organic D6-A machines we brought with us into the field on our deployment were Dell [missed word] laptops and the TPE D6-A machines were Alienware brand laptops.. The [M90?] D6-A laptops were the preferred machine to use as they were slightly faster and had fewer problems with dust and temperature than the theater provided Alienware laptops.. I used several D6-A machines during the.. deployment due to various technical problems with the laptops.. With these issues several analysts lost information, but I never lost information due to the multiple backups I created.. I attempted to backup as much relevant information as possible.. I would save the information so that I or another analyst could quickly access it whenever a machine crashed, SIPRnet connectivity was down, or I forgot where the data was stored.. When backing up information I would do one or all of the following things based on my training:.. [(1)] Physical back up.. I tried to keep physical back up copies of information on paper so that the information could be grabbed quickly.. Also, it was easier to brief from hard copies of research and HUMINT reports.. (2) Local drive back up.. I tried to sort out information I deemed relevant and keep complete copies of the information on each of the computers I used in the Temporary Sensitive Compartmented Information Facility or T-SCIF, including my primary and secondary D6-A machines.. This was stored under my user profile on the desktop.. [(3)] Shared drive backup.. Each analyst had access to a T drive what we called T drive shared across the SIPRnet.. It allowed others to access information that was stored on it.. S6 operated the T drive.. [(4)] Compact disk rewritable or CD-RW back up.. For larger datasets I saved the information onto a re-writable disk, labeled the disks, and stored them in the conference room of the T-SCIF.. This redundancy permitted us the ability to not worry about information loss.. If the system crashed, I could easily pull the information from a my secondary computer, the T drive, or one of the CD-RWs.. If another analyst wanted to access my data, but I was unavailable she could find my published products directory on the T drive or on the CD-RWs.. I sorted all of my products or research by date, time, and group; and updated the information on each of the storage methods to ensure that the latest information was available to them.. During the deployment I had several of the D6-A machines crash on me.. Whenever one of the a computer crashed, I usually lost information but the redundancy method ensured my ability to quickly restore old backup data and add my current information to the machine when it was repaired or replaced.. I stored the backup CD-RW with larger datasets in the conference room of the T-SCIF or next to my workstation.. I marked the CD-RWs based on the classification level and its content.. Unclassified CD-RWs were only labeled with the content type and not marked with classification markings.. Early on in the deployment, I only saved and stored the SigActs that were within or near our operational environment.. Later I thought it would be easier to just to save all of the SigActs onto a CD-RW.. The process would not take very long to complete and so I downloaded the SigActs from CIDNE-I onto a CD-RW.. After finishing with CIDNE-I, I did the same with CIDNE-A.. By retrieving the CIDNE-I and CIDNE-A SigActs I was able to retrieve the information whenever I needed it, and not rely upon the unreliable and slow SIPRnet connectivity needed to pull.. Instead, I could just find the CD-RW and open up a pre-loaded spreadsheet.. This process began in late December 2009 and continued through early January 2010.. I could quickly export one month of the SigAct data at a time and download in the background as I did other tasks.. The process took approximately a week for each table.. After downloading the SigAct tables, I periodically updated them, by pulling only the most recent SigActs and simply copying them and pasting them into the database saved on the CD-RW.. I never hid the fact that I had downloaded copies of both the SigAct tables from CIDNE-I and CIDNE-A.. They were stored on appropriately labeled and marked CD-RWs, stored in the open.. I viewed the saved copies of the CIDNE-I and CIDNE-A SigAct tables as being for both for my use and the use of anyone within the S2 section during the SIPRnet connectivity issues.. In addition to the SigAct tables, I had a large repository of HUMINT reports and Counter IED reports downloaded from CIDNE-I.. These contained reports that were relevant to the area in and around our operational environment in Eastern Baghdad and the Diyala Province of Iraq.. In order to compress the data to fit onto a CD-RW, I used a compression algorithm called bzip2.. The program used to compress the data is called WinRAR.. WinRAR is an application that is free, and can be easily downloaded from the internet via the Non-Secure Internet Relay Protocol Network or NIPRnet.. I downloaded WinRAR on NIPRnet and transferred it to the D6-A machine user profile desktop using a CD-RW.. I did not try to hide the fact that I was downloading WinRAR onto my SIPRnet D6-A machine or computer.. With the assistance of the bzip2 compression algorithm using the WinRAR program, I was able to fit all of the SigActs onto a single CD-RW and relevant HUMINT and Counter IED reports onto a separate CD-RW.. Facts regarding my knowledge of the WikiLeaks Organization or WLO.. I first became vaguely aware of the WLO during my AIT at Fort Huachuca, Arizona, although I did not fully pay attention until the WLO released purported Short Messaging System or SMS messages from 11 September 2001 on 25 November 2009.. At that time references to the release and the WLO website showed up in my daily Google news open source search for information related to US foreign policy.. The stories were about how WLO published about approximately 500,000 messages.. I then reviewed the messages myself and realized that the posted messages were very likely real given the sheer volume and detail of the content.. After this, I began conducting research on WLO.. I conducted searches on both NIPRnet and SIPRnet on WLO beginning in late November 2009 and early December 2009.. At this time I also began to routinely monitor the WLO website.. In response to one of my searches in December 2009, I found the United States Army Counter Intelligence Center or USACIC report on the WikiLeaks organization.. After reviewing the report, I believed that this report was possibly the one that my AIT referenced in early 2008.. I may or may not have saved the report on my D6-A workstation.. I know I reviewed the document on other occasions throughout early 2010, and saved it on both my primary and secondary laptops.. After reviewing the report, I continued doing research on WLO.. However, based upon my open-source collection, I discovered information that contradicted the 2008 USACIC report including information that indicated that similar to other press agencies, WLO seemed to be dedicated to exposing illegal activities and corruption.. WLO received numerous award and recognition for its reporting activities.. Also, in reviewing the WLO website, I found information regarding US military SOPs for Camp Delta at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba and information on the then outdated rules of engagement for ROE in Iraq for cross-border pursuits of former members of Saddam Hussein [missed word] government.. After seeing the information available on the WLO website, I continued following it and collecting open source information from it.. During this time period, I followed several organizations and groups including wire press agencies such as the Associated Press and Reuters and private intelligence agencies including Strategic Forecasting or Stratfor.. This practice was something I was trained to do during AIT, and was something that good analysts were expected to do.. During the searches of WLO, I found several pieces of information that I found useful in my work product in my work as an analyst, specifically I recall WLO publishing documents related to weapons trafficking between two nations that affected my OP.. I integrated this information into one or more of my work products.. In addition to visiting the WLO website, I began following WLO using Instant Relay Chat or IRC Client called XChat sometime in early January 2010.. IRC is a protocol for real time internet communications by messaging and conferencing, colloquially referred to as chat rooms or chats.. The IRC chat rooms are designed for group communication discussion forums.. Each IRC chat room is called a channel similar to a television where you can tune in or follow a channel so long as it is open and does not require an invite.. Once you joining a specific IRC conversation, other users in the conversation can see that you have joined the room.. On the Internet there are millions of different IRC channels across several services.. Channel topics span a range of topics covering all kinds of interests and hobbies.. The primary reason for following WLO on IRC was curiosity particularly in regards to how and why they obtained the SMS messages referenced above.. I believed that collecting information on the WLO would assist me in this goal.. Initially I simply observed the IRC conversations.. I wanted to know how the organization was structured, and how they obtained their data.. The conversations I viewed were usually technical in nature but sometimes switched to a lively debate on issues the particular individual may have felt strongly about.. Over a period of time I became more involved in these discussions especially when conversations turned to geopolitical events and information technology topics, such as networking and encryption methods.. Based on these observations, I would describe the WL organization as almost academic in nature.. In addition to the WLO conversations, I participated in numerous other IRC channels across at least three different networks.. The other IRC channels I participated in normally dealt with technical topics including with Linux and Berkley Secure Distribution BSD operating systems or OS s, networking, encryption algorithms and techniques, and other more political topics, such as politics and [missed word].. I normally engaged in multiple IRC conversations simultaneously mostly publicly, but often privately.. The XChat client enabled me to manage these multiple conversations across different channels and servers.. The screen for XChat was often busy, but its screens enabled me to see when something was interesting.. I would then select the conversation and either observe or participate.. I really enjoyed the IRC conversations pertaining to and involving the WLO, however, at some point in late February or early March of 2010, the WLO IRC channel was no longer accessible.. Instead, regular participants  ...   never exchanged identifying information.. However, I believe the individual was likely Mr.. Julian Assange [he pronounced it with three syllables], Mr.. Daniel Schmidt, or a proxy representative of Mr.. Assange and Schmidt.. As the communications transferred from IRC to the Jabber client, I gave ox office and later pressassociation the name of Nathaniel Frank in my address book, after the author of a book I read in 2009.. After a period of time, I developed what I felt was a friendly relationship with Nathaniel.. Our mutual interest in information technology and politics made our conversations enjoyable.. We engaged in conversation often.. Sometimes as long as an hour or more.. I often looked forward to my conversations with Nathaniel after work.. The anonymity that was provided by TOR and the Jabber client and the WLO s policy allowed me to feel I could just be myself, free of the concerns of social labeling and perceptions that are often placed upon me in real life.. In real life, I lacked a closed friendship with the people I worked with in my section, the S2 section.. In my section, the S2 section and supported battalions and the 2nd Brigade Combat Team as a whole.. For instance, I lacked close ties with my roommate to his discomfort regarding my perceived sexual orientation.. Over the next few months, I stayed in frequent contact with Nathaniel.. We conversed on nearly a daily basis and I felt that we were developing a friendship.. Conversations covered many topics and I enjoyed the ability to talk about pretty much everything anything, and not just the publications that the WLO was working on.. In retrospect I realize that that these dynamics were artificial and were valued more by myself than Nathaniel.. For me these conversations represented an opportunity to escape from the immense pressures and anxiety that I experienced and built up through out the deployment.. It seems that as I tried harder to fit in at work, the more I seemed to alienate my peers and lose the respect, trust, and support I needed.. Facts regarding the unauthorized storage and disclosure of documents related to the detainments by the Iraqi Federal Police or FP, and the Detainee Assessment Briefs, and the USACIC United States Army Counter Intelligence Center report.. On 27 February 2010, a report was received from a subordinate battalion.. The report described an event in which the Federal Police or FP detained 15 individuals for printing anti-Iraqi literature.. On 2 March 2010, I received instructions from an S3 section officer in the 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division Tactical Operation Center or TOC to investigate the matter, and figure out who these quote bad guys unquote were and how significant this event was for the Federal Police.. Over the course of my research I found that none of the individuals had previous ties to anti-Iraqi actions or suspected terrorist militia groups.. A few hours later, I received several photos from the scene from the subordinate battalion.. They were accidentally sent to an officer on a different team on than the S2 section and she forwarded them to me.. These photos included picture of the individuals, pallets of unprinted paper and seized copies of the final printed material or the printed document; and a high resolution photo of the printed material itself.. I printed up one [missed word] copy of a high resolution photo I laminated it for ease of use and transfer.. I then walked to the TOC and delivered the laminated copy to our category two interpreter.. She reviewed the information and about a half an hour later delivered a rough written transcript in English to the S2 section.. I read the transcript and followed up with her, asking her for her take on the content.. She said it was easy for her to transcribe verbatim, since I blew up the photograph and laminated it.. She said the general nature of the document was benign.. The documentation, as I had sensed as well, was merely a scholarly critique of the then current Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki.. It detailed corruption within the cabinet of al-Maliki s government and the financial impact of his corruption on the Iraqi people.. After discovering this discrepancy between the Federal Police s report and the interpreter s transcript, I forwarded this discovery to the top OIC and the battle NCOIC.. The top OIC and the overhearing battle captain informed me that they didn t need or want to know this information anymore.. They told me to quote drop it unquote and to just assist them and the Federal Police in finding out, where more of these print shops creating quote anti-Iraqi literature unquote.. I couldn t believe what I heard and I returned to the T-SCIF and complained to the other analysts and my section NCOIC about what happened.. Some were sympathetic, but no one wanted to do anything about it.. I am the type of person who likes to know how things work.. And, as an analyst, this means I always want to figure out the truth.. Unlike other analysts in my section or other sections within the 2nd Brigade Combat Team, I was not satisfied with just scratching the surface and producing canned or cookie cutter assessments.. I wanted to know why something was the way it was, and what we could to correct or mitigate a situation.. I knew that if I continued to assist the Baghdad Federal Police in identifying the political opponents of Prime Minister al-Maliki, those people would be arrested and in the custody of the Special Unit of the Baghdad Federal Police and very likely tortured and not seen again for a very long time if ever.. Instead of assisting the Special Unit of the Baghdad Federal Police, I decided to take the information and expose it to the WLO, in the hope that before the upcoming 7 March 2010 election, they could generate some immediate press on the issue and prevent this unit of the Federal Police from continuing to crack down on political opponents of al-Maliki.. On 4 March 2010, I burned the report, the photos, the high resolution copy of the pamphlet, and the interpreter s hand written transcript onto a CD-RW.. I took the CD-RW to my CHU and copied the data onto my personal computer.. Unlike the times before, instead of uploading the information through the WLO website s submission form.. I made a Secure File Transfer Protocol or SFTP connection to a file drop box operated by the WLO.. The drop box contained a folder that allowed me to upload directly into it.. Saving files into this directory, allowed anyone with log in access to the server to view and download them.. After uploading these files to the WLO, on 5 March 2010, I notified Nathaniel over Jabber.. Although sympathetic, he said that the WLO needed more information to confirm the event in order for it to be published or to gain interest in the international media.. I attempted to provide the specifics, but to my disappointment, the WLO website chose not to publish this information.. At the same time, I began sifting through information from the US Southern Command or SOUTHCOM and Joint Task Force Guantanamo, Cuba or JTF-GTMO.. The thought occurred to me although unlikely, that I wouldn t be surprised if the individuals detainees detained by the Federal Police might be turned over back into US custody and ending up in the custody of Joint Task Force Guantanamo.. As I digested through the information on Joint Task Force Guantanamo, I quickly found the Detainee Assessment Briefs or DABs.. I previously came across the documents before in 2009 but did not think much about them.. However, this time I was more curious in during this search and I found them again.. The DABs were written in standard DoD memorandum format and addressed the commander US SOUTHCOM.. Each memorandum gave basic and background information about a specific detainee held at some point by Joint Task Force Guantanamo.. I have always been interested on the issue of the moral efficacy of our actions surrounding Joint Task Force Guantanamo.. On the one hand, I have always understood the need to detain and interrogate individuals who might wish to harm the United States and our allies, however, I felt that s what we were trying to do at Joint Task Force Guantanamo.. However, the more I became educated on the topic, it seemed that we found ourselves holding an increasing number of individuals indefinitely that we believed or knew to be innocent, low level foot soldiers that did not have useful intelligence and would be released if they were still held in theater.. I also recall that in early 2009 the, then newly elected president, Barack Obama, stated that he would close Joint Task Force Guantanamo, and that the facility compromised our standing over all, and diminished our quote moral authority unquote.. After familiarizing myself with the Detainee Assessment Briefs, I agree.. Reading through the Detainee Assessment Briefs, I noticed that they were not analytical products, instead they contained summaries of tear line versions of interim intelligence reports that were old or unclassified.. None of the DABs contained the names of sources or quotes from tactical interrogation reports or TIR s.. Since the DABs were being sent to the US SOUTHCOM commander, I assessed that they were intended to provide a very general background information on each of the detainees and not a detailed assessment.. In addition to the manner in which the DAB s were written, I recognized that they were at least several years old, and discussed detainees that were already released from Joint Task Force Guantanamo.. Based on this, I determined that the DABs were not very important from either an intelligence or a national security standpoint.. On 7 March 2010, during my Jabber conversation with Nathaniel, I asked him if he thought the DABs were of any use to anyone.. Nathaniel indicated, although he did not believe that they were of political significance, he did believe that they could be used to merge into the general historical account of what occurred at Joint Task Force Guantanamo.. He also thought that the DAB s might be helpful to the legal counsel of those currently and previously held at JTF-GTMO.. After this discussion, I decided to download the data DABs.. I used an application called Wget to download the DABs.. I downloaded Wget off of the NIPRnet laptop in the T-SCIF, like other programs.. I saved that onto a CD-RW, and placed the executable in my My Documents directory on of my user profile, on the D6-A SIPRnet workstation.. On 7 March 2010, I took the list of links for the Detainee Assessment Briefs, and Wget downloaded them sequentially.. I burned the data onto a CD-RW, and took it into my CHU, and copied them to my personal computer.. On 8 March 2010, I combined the Detainee Assessment Briefs with the United States Army Counterintelligence Center report on the WLO, into a compressed [missed word] IP or zip file.. Zip files contain multiple files which are compressed to reduce their size.. After creating the zip file, I uploaded the file onto their cloud drop box via Secure File Transfer Protocol.. Once these were uploaded, I notified Nathaniel that the information was in the x directory, which had been designated for my own use.. Earlier that day, I downloaded the USACIC report on WLO.. As discussed about above, I previously reviewed the report on numerous occasions and although I saved the document onto the work station before, I could not locate it.. After I found the document again, I downloaded it to my work station, and saved it onto the same CD-RW as the Detainee Assessment Briefs described above.. Although my access included a great deal of information, I decided I had nothing else to send to WLO after sending the Detainee Assessment Briefs and the USACIC report.. Up to this point I had sent them the following: the CIDNE-I and CIDNE-A SigActs tables; the Reykjavik 13 Department of State Cable; the 12 July 2007 aerial weapons team video and the 2006-2007 rules of engagement documents; the SigAct report and supporting documents concerning the 15 individuals detained by the Baghdad Federal Police; the USSOUTHCOM and Joint Task Force Guantanamo Detainee Assessment Briefs; a USACIC report on the WikiLeaks organization website.. Over the next few weeks I did not send any additional information to the WLO.. I continued to converse with Nathaniel over the Jabber client and in the WLO IRC channel.. Although I stopped sending documents to WLO, no one associated with the WLO pressured me into giving more information.. The decisions that I made to send documents and information to the WLO and the website were my own decisions, and I take full responsibility for my actions.. Facts regarding the unauthorized storage and disclosure of other Government documents.. One 22 March 2010, I downloaded two documents.. I found these documents over the course of my normal duties as an analyst.. Based on my training and the guidance of my superiors, I look at as much information as possible.. Doing so provided me with the ability to make connections that others might miss.. On several occasions during the month of March, I accessed information from a government entity.. I read several documents from a section within this government entity.. The content of two of these documents upset me greatly.. I had difficulty believing what this section was doing.. On 22 March 2010, I downloaded the two documents that I found troubling.. I compressed them into a zip file named blah.. zip and burned them onto a CD-RW.. I took the CD-RW to my CHU and saved the file to my personal computer.. I uploaded the information to the WLO website using the designated prompts.. Facts regarding the unauthorized storage and disclosure of the Net Centric Diplomacy Department of State cables.. In late March of 2010, I received a warning over Jabber from Nathaniel, that the WLO website would be publishing the aerial weapons team video.. He indicated that the WLO would be very busy and the frequency and intensity of our Jabber conversations decrease significantly.. During this time, I had nothing but work to distract me.. I read more of the diplomatic cables published on the Department of State Net Centric Diplomacy server.. With my insatiable curiosity and interest in geopolitics I became fascinated with them.. I read not only the cables on Iraq, but also about countries and events that I found interesting.. The more I read, the more I was fascinated with by the way that we dealt with other nations and organizations.. I also began to think that the documented backdoor deals and seemingly criminal activity that didn t seem characteristic of the de facto leader of the free world.. Up to this point, during the deployment, I had issues I struggled with and difficulty at work.. Of the documents release, the cables were the only one I was not absolutely certain couldn t harm the United States.. I conducted research on the cables published on the Net Centric Diplomacy, as well as how Department of State cables worked in general.. In particular, I wanted to know how each cable was published on SIRPnet via the Net Centric Diplomacy.. As part of my open source research, I found a document published by the Department of State on its official website.. The document provided guidance on caption markings for individual cables and handling instructions for their distribution.. I quickly learned the caption markings clearly detailed the sensitivity level of the Department of State cables.. For example, NODIS or No Distribution was used for messages at the highest sensitivity and were only distributed to the authorized recipients.. The SIPDIS or SIPRnet distribution caption was applied only to recording of other information messages that were deemed appropriate for a release for a wide number of individuals.. According to the Department of State guidance for a cable to have the SIPDIS [missed word] caption, it could not include other captions that were intended to limit distribution.. The SIPDIS caption was only for information that could only be shared with anyone with access to SIPRnet.. I was aware that thousands of military personnel, DoD, Department of State, and other civilian agencies had easy access to the tables.. The fact that the SIPDIS caption was only for wide distribution made sense to me, given that the vast majority of the Net Centric Diplomacy Cables were not classified.. The more I read the cables, the more I came to the conclusion that this was the type of information that that this type of information should become public.. I once read a and used a quote on open diplomacy written after the First World War and how the world would be a better place if states would avoid making secret pacts and deals with and against each other.. I thought these cables were a prime example of a need for a more open diplomacy.. Given all of the Department of State cables information that I read, the fact that most of the cables were unclassified, and that all the cables have a SIPDIS caption, I believe that the public release of these cables would not damage the United States; however, I did believe that the cables might be embarrassing, since they represented very honest opinions and statements behind the backs of other nations and organizations.. In many ways these cables are a catalogue of cliques and gossip.. I believed exposing this information might make some within the Department of State and other government entities unhappy.. On 22 March 2010, I began downloading a copy of the SIPDIS cables using the program Wget, described above.. I used instances of the Wget application to download the Net Centric Diplomacy cables in the background.. As I worked on my daily tasks, the Net Centric Diplomacy cables were downloaded from 28 March 2010 to 9 April 2010.. After downloading the cables, I saved them onto a CD-RW.. These cables went from the earliest dates in Net Centric Diplomacy to 28 February 2010.. I took the CD-RW to my CHU on 10 April 2010.. I sorted the cables on my personal computer, compressed them using the bzip2 compression algorithm described above, and uploaded them to the WLO via designated drop box described above.. On 3 May 2010, I used Wget to download and update of the cables for the months of March 2010 and April 2010 and saved the information onto a zip file and burned it to a CD-RW.. I then took the CD-RW to my CHU and saved those to my computer.. I later found that the file was corrupted during the transfer.. Although I intended to re-save another copy of these cables, I was removed from the T-SCIF on 8 May 2010 after an altercation.. Facts regarding the unauthorized storage and disclosure of Garani, Farah Province Afghanistan 15-6 Investigation and Videos.. [NB Pfc.. Manning plead 'not guilty' to the Specification 11, Charge II for the Garani Video as charged by the government, which alleged as November charge date.. Read more here.. ].. In late March 2010, I discovered a US CENTCOM directly on a 2009 airstrike in Afghanistan.. I was searching CENTCOM for information I could use as an analyst.. As described above, this was something that myself and other analysts and officers did on a frequent basis.. As I reviewed the documents I recalled the incident and what happened.. The airstrike occurred in the Garani village in the Farah Province, Northwestern Afghanistan.. It received worldwide press coverage during the time as it was reported that up to 100 to 150 Afghan civilians mostly women and children were accidentally killed during the airstrike.. After going through the report and the [missed word] annexes, I began to review the incident as being similar to the 12 July 2007 aerial weapons team engagements in Iraq.. However, this event was noticeably different in that it involved a significantly higher number of individuals, larger aircraft and much heavier munitions.. Also, the conclusions of the report are even more disturbing than those of the July 2007 incident.. I did not see anything in the 15-6 report or its annexes that gave away sensitive information.. Rather, the investigation and its conclusions helped explain how this incident occurred, and were what those involved should have done, and how to avoid an event like this from occurring again.. After investigating the report and its annexes, I downloaded the 15-6 investigation, PowerPoint presentations, and several other supporting documents to my D6-A workstation.. I also downloaded three zip files containing the videos of the incident.. I burned this information onto a CD-RW and transferred it to the personal computer in my CHU.. I did later that day or the next day I uploaded the information to the WLO website this time using a new version of the WLO website submission form.. Unlike other times using the submission form above, I did not activate the TOR anonymizer.. Your Honor, this concludes my statement and facts for this providence inquiry.. Leave a Reply.. Cancel reply.. Name.. (required).. Email.. (will not be published) (required).. Website.. You can use.. these HTML tags.. a href= title= abbr title= acronym title= b blockquote cite= cite code del datetime= em i q cite= strike strong..

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  • Title: ¿Qué piensan algunos economistas sobre la crisis y la realidad actual del capitalismo? « densidad regional
    Descriptive info: Lo peor ha pasado, nos dicen los directivos de las empresas monopolistas que en Estados Unidos (EE.. ) están sentados en un billón 700 mil millones de dólares, porque no hay donde invertirlos de manera rentable.. Y vaya uno a saber cuán grande es la pila de euros sobre la cual están sentadas las grandes empresas de la Unión Europea.. La crisis ha pasado, pero los problemas concretos de los pueblos siguen ahí, y se agravan cada vez más.. Esta no es la primera crisis del capitalismo industrial en los “países avanzados”, en lo que va del siglo 21, en que la recuperación de la economía real –la producción de bienes y servicios, o sea la riqueza producida socialmente- no logra restablecer los anteriores niveles de empleo, de seguridad laboral y de salarios, pero es la primera en la cual el desempleo se acrecentó de manera brutal y se ha vuelto crónico para millones de trabajadores, provocando una pauperización de amplios sectores de la sociedad.. Una crisis en la cual la desigualdad de ingresos alcanzó niveles nunca vistos, y por la cual una gran parte de la nueva generación no tendrá empleos estables, que vivirá en un mundo de empleos precarios, de salarios miserables y bajo la amenaza constante del desempleo crónico.. La primera generación del capitalismo industrial que tendrá un nivel de vida y de seguridad social muy inferior a la de sus padres.. Lo nuevo, si podemos decirlo así, es que en ese mundo de economistas que han contribuido a formular el oxímoron de la estabilidad financiera en el contexto de los mercados autorregulados, se manifiestan signos de un reconocimiento de que el problema central de esta crisis que aún perdura es quizás estructural, que concierne a la fundamental relación del capital con el trabajo asalariado, a la reproducción del capital, y que este problema estructural se agrava con la voracidad de los grandes monopolios y de un sistema financiero que quieren vivir de la extracción de una renta sobre todas las actividades económicas y sociales de la humanidad, como veremos.. Primero una parada en Davos.. Bajo el titulo “Negación, pánico y dudas en Davos” el editor económico del diario The Guardian, Larry Elliott, escribía el 23 de enero pasado que en los últimos cinco años el Foro de Davos tuvo algunos “violentos balanceos de humor”; primero fue la negación, luego el pánico, más tarde la esperanza de que lo peor había pasado, y ahora es la persistente preocupación de que este bajón simplemente no tiene fin.. Lo que crece es el desempleo y la acumulación de riquezas en pocas manos, lo que baja es el consumo de las masas y las oportunidades de hacer negocios para los industriales, lo que explica que las empresas estén “sentadas” en billones de dólares, porque no perciben un crecimiento de la demanda para sus productos y servicios.. El problema, según Elliott, es que los grandes empresarios y financieros reunidos en Davos están viendo los resultados de las políticas que promovieron en el pasado: austeridad fiscal, debilitamiento de los sindicatos, agresivos cortes de personal.. En el pasado, agrega, el gasto de las familias podía apoyarse en un aumento del endeudamiento familiar, pero ahora “los bancos no quieren prestar y los consumidores no quieren endeudarse.. Esta es la receta para continuar en el letargo económico”.. ¿Letargo económico o implantación de una economía rentista a escala planetaria? Desde hace tiempo el economista estadounidense Michael Hudson viene alertando que la dominación del capital financiero y de los monopolios ha sustituido el capitalismo industrial por un “neofeudalismo” que lleva directo a un régimen de servidumbre (1).. Esto se confirma por lo que el periodista Ryan McCarthy de la agencia Reuters, en su crónica “A handy guide to Davos-speak” (25 de enero 2013), escribe sobre esas frases típicas de Davos (La impaciencia por el crecimiento realmente necesitará de paciencia; No crecimiento, dinero fácil ¿la nueva normalidad?), señalando que cuando constantemente la elite de Davos habla de un “plan de crecimiento” o de “restaurar el crecimiento”, lo que están diciendo es que “ninguno de ellos ve una industria en particular que aumentará el ritmo de crecimiento para hacerse más ricos.. Y que, como resultado, habrá menos trabajos para el resto de nosotros”.. Y reproduce lo que dijo Ray Dalio, que dirige Bridgewater, el más importante fondo de cobertura de riesgo (hedge fund): en una economía global que ha pasado la crisis y está muy endeudada, el crecimiento económico no puede sustentarse en deuda, como lo fue durante las pasadas décadas.. Las economías están en proceso de desendeudarse, la deuda no aumentará más rápido que los ingresos, y la manera primaria mediante la cual las grandes económicas pueden crecer es aumentando la productividad.. McCarthy nos dice que Dalio amplió un poquito lo que quería decir: la gran conversación en política y economía será sobre cómo extraer más de los trabajadores –en otras palabras, el crecimiento no vendrá de la próxima Internet, del próximo auge en el mercado inmobiliario o de cualquier nuevo activo.. Esto significa, dijo Dalio, duras decisiones a tomar sobre cuestiones como “¿Cuán larga deben ser las vacaciones?, o ¿Qué es una buena vida?”.. Traducido este “lenguaje de Davos” al lenguaje común, según McCarthy, lo que Dalio está diciendo es particularmente terrible para el resto de nosotros.. Cuando los más exitosos inversores del mundo nos dicen que el crecimiento económico dependerá de si tomamos o no nuestras vacaciones, es tiempo de preocuparse.. Entre capitalismo y neofeudalismo.. En las conclusiones del citado trabajo de Hudson, el economista estadounidense explica la dinámica de este proceso: Mientras las economías se contraen, el sector financiero se enriquece convirtiendo sus títulos o certificados de deuda –lo que los economistas del siglo 19 llamaban el “capital ficticio” y que más tarde pasó a llamarse capital financiero-, en apropiación de la propiedad.. Esto hace que una deuda que alcanzó niveles irrealistas, porque no hay manera de que pueda ser pagada bajo las existentes relaciones de propiedad y de distribución de los ingresos, se haya convertido en una pesadilla viviente.. Es esto lo que está sucediendo en Europa y es también el objetivo de la Administración Obama () Esto hará que EE.. se parezca a una Europa arruinada por el creciente desempleo, los declinantes mercados y el consiguiente síndrome de las adversas consecuencias sociales y políticas provocado por la guerra de los financieros contra el conjunto que constituye el trabajo asalariado, la industria y el gobierno.. Poniendo esta tendencia en el contexto de las políticas de los bancos centrales, que han servido para inflar los mercados bursátiles y recapitalizar los bancos para que sigan especulando, Hudson apunta que la economía es cada vez menos y menos la esfera de la producción, del consumo y el empleo, y de más en más la esfera de creación de crédito para comprar activos, convertir las ganancias e ingresos en pagos de intereses hasta que la totalidad del superávit económico y del repertorio de propiedades quede prendado para pagar el servicio de la deuda.. Y más adelante concluye en que la actual tarea de los economistas es “revivir la clásica distinción entre la riqueza y los elevados ingresos, ganados o inmerecidos, entre ingresos por ganancia o por renta, y últimamente entre capitalismo y feudalismo”.. El economista Michael Hudson explica, en el citado trabajo, que la guerra económica actual no es como la librada hace un siglo entre los trabajadores y sus empleadores industriales.. La finanza se movió para capturar la economía en toda su amplitud, industria y minería, infraestructura pública (vía la privatización) y ahora hasta el sistema de educación (la deuda de los estudiantes por un billón de dólares excede la deuda de tarjetas de crédito en 2012).. De lo que se trata es de “endeudar a los gobiernos, lo que da a los acreedores una palanca para apropiarse de tierras, infraestructuras públicas y otras propiedades del dominio público.. Endeudar las empresas permite que los acreedores se apropien de los ahorros para la pensión de los empleados.. Y endeudar a los trabajadores significa que ya no será necesario emplear a rompehuelgas para atacar a los organizadores de sindicatos y a los huelguistas”.. De los “braceros” al “empleo permanentemente temporal”.. Por las necesidades de la Segunda Guerra Mundial y las políticas del New Deal, a partir de los años 40 del siglo pasado la fuerte expansión económica estadounidense incorporó a millones de trabajadores en empleos estables en las industrias, mientras que en ciertas ramas de la agricultura se adoptó –por la estacionalidad que marca la división del trabajo- el “programa de braceros” para traer a las “granjas” estadounidenses a decenas de miles de campesinos mexicanos.. Estos trabajadores “migrantes” mexicanos fueron contratados para efectuar “trabajos temporales” en ramas de la agricultura cuya existencia y rentabilidad dependían de la disposición de una mano de obra barata, que aceptara ser desplazada territorialmente a merced de las necesidades de los productores, y quedar excluida de la protección social, compensaciones por enfermedades, antigüedad, etcétera.. En la misma época, según la socióloga estadounidense Erin Hatton (2) fueron creadas en EE.. empresas dedicadas al alquiler temporal de fuerza laboral local, en particular femenina.. En el blog de “opiniones” del New York Times y como parte de una serie sobre la desigualdad, Hatton  ...   capaces de hacer todo lo que una persona puede hacer, es claro que tal tecnología removería todos los límites en el PIB per capita, en tanto no contamos a los robots entre los capitas.. Todo lo que uno necesita hacer es elevar el radio de robots respecto a los humanos, y obtendríamos el PIB que deseamos () ¿Y qué pasaría con la gente? Una buena pregunta.. Las maquinas inteligentes quizás permitan elevar el PIB, pero también reducen la demanda de personas, incluyendo las personas inteligentes.. Entonces estaríamos contemplando una sociedad que se vuelve cada vez más rica, pero en la cual todo el aumento de la riqueza va a parar a los dueños de los robots.. El mismo día, en otra entrada (Capital-biased Technological Progress), el Nóbel de economía elabora sobre la competencia entre dos sistemas de producción, uno basado en la automatización y el otro en el trabajo manual, calcula la producción y el impacto sobre los salarios, y concluye en que es obvio que en relación al costo del capital (fijo) los salarios bajan, y en que es menos obvio, pero sin embargo verdad, que los salarios reales también deben caer en términos absolutos, y que –por lo tanto- eso permite ver qué significaría un capital inclinado al progreso tecnológico, y “cómo esto podría actualmente lesionar a los trabajadores”.. El capitalismo cambia, pero su naturaleza es siempre la misma.. La reflexión de Krugman –del 26 de diciembre- ya tenía una respuesta de nada menos que Robert Skidelsky –economista e historiador de la economía-quien en el primer párrafo de un artículo publicado en junio del 2012 propone imaginar “un mundo en el cual la mayoría de la gente trabajara solo 15 horas semanales.. Todos recibirán un pago igual o quizás superior al que reciben ahora, porque los frutos de su trabajo serian distribuidos más equitativamente en la sociedad (4).. En ese artículo Skidelsky destaca que ya existen las condiciones para hacer realidad lo que había avizorado John.. M.. Keynes en su escrito de 1930, “Las posibilidades económicas de nuestros nietos” (4).. El “fantasioso” escenario de Krugman, la realista propuesta de Skidelsky y la anticipación de Keynes, están en buena medida contenidas en lo que Marx escribió entre 1857 y 1858, cuando avizora la inevitable consecuencia de la automatización de las fuerzas productivas industriales: “el robo de tiempo de trabajo ajeno, sobre el cual se funda la riqueza actual, aparece como una base miserable comparado con este fundamento, recién desarrollado, creado por la industria misma.. Tan pronto como el trabajo en su forma inmediata ha cesado de ser la gran fuente de la riqueza, el tiempo de trabajo deja, y tiene que dejar, de ser su medida y por tanto el valor de cambio {deja de ser la medida} del valor de uso.. El plustrabajo de la masa ha dejado de ser condición para el desarrollo de la riqueza social, así como el no-trabajo de unos pocos ha cesado de serlo para el desarrollo de los poderes generales del intelecto humano.. Con ello se desploma la producción fundada en el valor de cambio, y al proceso de producción material inmediato se le quita la forma de la necesidad apremiante y el antagonismo.. Desarrollo libre de las individualidades, y por ende no reducción del tiempo de trabajo necesario con miras a poner plustrabajo, sino en general reducción del trabajo necesario de la sociedad a un mínimo, al cual corresponde entonces la formación artística, científica, etc.. , de los individuos gracias al tiempo que se ha vuelto libre y a los medios creados para todos.. El capital mismo es la contradicción en proceso, {por el hecho de} que tiende a reducir a un mínimo el tiempo de trabajo, mientras que por otra parte pone el tiempo de trabajo como única medida y fuente de la riqueza”.. “Trabajar menos y ganar lo mismo”.. Marx define muy bien la insuperable contradicción del capital, tal y como la vemos ahora en los países del capitalismo avanzado: “Por un lado despierta a la vida todos los poderes de la ciencia y de la naturaleza, así como de la cooperación y del intercambio sociales, para hacer que la creación de la riqueza sea (relativamente) independiente del tiempo de trabajo empleado en ella.. Por el otro lado se propone medir con el tiempo de trabajo esas gigantescas fuerzas sociales creadas de esta suerte y reducirlas a los límites requeridos para que el valor ya creado se conserve como valor.. Las fuerzas productivas y las relaciones sociales –unas y otras aspectos diversos del desarrollo del individuo social- se le aparecen al capital únicamente como medios, y no son para él más que medios para producir fundándose en su mezquina base.. In fact, empero constituyen las condiciones materiales para hacer saltar a esa base por los aires” (5).. Y seguidamente Marx cita un extraordinario y anónimo panfleto de 1821: “Una nación es verdaderamente rica cuando en vez de 12 horas se trabajan 6.. La riqueza no es disposición de tiempo de plustrabajo” (riqueza efectiva) “sino de tiempo disponible, aparte el usado en la producción inmediata, para cada individuo y toda la sociedad” (6).. Lo que Marx y otros pensadores desde comienzos del siglo 19 avizoraron sobre el desarrollo del capitalismo industrial, sobre el impacto de la eventual automatización de la producción para la reproducción del capital –la inevitable reducción del trabajo asalariado, única fuente de la plusvalía que debe ser realizada a través del consumo, que convierte los valores de uso en valores de cambio y reproduce el capital-, la tendencia a la formación de los monopolios y del capital ficticio que acompañan los saltos tecnológicos en las fuerzas productivas, y de cómo en su desarrollo final el capital invalidaría la creación del valor de cambio, y con ello su razón de ser, todo esto es la realidad concreta y cotidiana en los países del capitalismo avanzado.. Esto es reconocido, de una u otra forma, en comentarios y análisis en los diferentes blogs y portales de economistas y analistas económicos, particularmente en EE.. (7), pero lo que cabe destacar es que tal preocupación no existe, y menos aun el comienzo de un debate de ideas, en la esfera política de los “partidos de gobierno” o en la tecnocracia que administra el sistema en EE.. o Europa, mientras que las empresas privadas analizan la situación, reconocen los problemas pero elaboran estrategias para mantener el control sobre el actual sistema (8).. Una visión que contempla los cambios ocurridos en el modo de producción y su efecto en las relaciones de producción y de cambio, y lo que representan como alternativas no capitalistas del manejo de la economía, está germinando en grupos que proponen el “decrecimiento económico” y el “ecosocialismo” como políticas para frenar el cambio climático y restablecer los dañados o destruidos ecosistemas como resultado del desarrollo capitalista.. Por ejemplo, en la declaración de principios “Humanifeste du Parti communiste français à l’aube du siècle qui vient », que el PCF discutirá en su próximo congreso, hay un reconocimiento de la existencia de una crisis estructural, de que la automatización es un gran problema bajo el capitalismo pero puede ser una solución fuera del capitalismo.. Por eso es importante este debate, que sin duda deberá explorar todas las facetas de esta crisis, tanto económicas como sociales, políticas y culturales, y que por lo tanto debe ser apropiado por los cientistas sociales y las organizaciones políticas y sociales de los países del capitalismo avanzado, donde se están experimentando las consecuencias de esta crisis estructural y hay necesidad y condiciones para un cambio radical, un cambio de civilización, como decía Marx.. En el tercer y último artículo, “La contrapartida de esta crisis estructural en el capitalismo avanzado”, veremos la situación y perspectivas en los países emergentes que conservaron (o adoptaron) el “papel gestor” del Estado, y que mantuvieron su soberanía en los asuntos económicos, sociales y políticos, y donde finalmente el capitalismo industrial –transnacional y nacional- se instaló y está desarrollándose.. - Alberto Rabilotta es periodista argentino canadiense.. - ALAI, ¿Cómo interpretar la crisis y la realidad actual del capitalismo?.. http://alainet.. org/active/61294 lang=es.. - Paul Krugman, The New York Times http://krugman.. Blogs del 8 al 26 de diciembre 2012.. 3.. - David Leonhardt, http://economix.. com/2012/08/21/globalization-and-the-income-slowdown/.. 4.. - Ver “In Praise of Leisure”, 18 de junio 2012, de Robert Skidelsky, profesor e historiador de economía política, y Edward Skidelsky, conferencista de la Universidad de Exester, Gran Bretaña.. http://chronicle.. com/article/In-Praise-of-Leisure/132251/?viewMobile=1.. 5.. - Karl Marx, Elementos fundamentales para la critica de la economía política (borrador) 1857-1858, Tomo 2, páginas 228-229 de la edición Siglo XXI Editores, 1971 (páginas 592-594 de la edición original en alemán de Dietz Verlag, 1953).. 6.. - La cita de Marx proviene de la página 5 de “The Source and Remedy of the National Difficulties, Deduced from Principles of Political Economy in a Letter to Lord John Russell”, panfleto politico no firmado de 1821.. El texto completo puede ser consultado en: http://econospeak.. blogspot.. fr/2009/02/source-and-remedy-of-national.. html.. 7.. - Por ejemplo, ver Fabius Maximus (http://fabiusmaximus.. com/tag/robot-revolution/), o algunas contribuciones en EcoMonitor.. com, entre otros portales más.. 8.. - Ver el informe de McKinsey Global Institute: Manufacturing the future.. mckinsey.. com/insights/mgi/research/productivity_competitiveness_and_growth/the_future_of_manufacturing.. URL de este artículo: http://alainet.. org/active/61385.. - (Copyright) Alberto Rabilotta; Periodista argentino canadiense..

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  • Title: La deuda externa, la pérdida de la Libertad y Soberanía, y como recuperarlas definitivamente « densidad regional
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  • Title: Pachakuti, Isla del Sol, Lake Titicaca, Bolivia : 21/12/2012 « densidad regional
    Descriptive info: It was the morning of the end of no time the beginning of the fourteenth baktun.. The Mayans measure time in baktuns (each baktun is about 400 years) and this one finishes today, more important still the baktun that finished was thirteenth baktun, a number of significance in many cultures but particularly to the Mayans.. In our Julian calendar too, the 21st of December is the solstice, the summer solstice here in Bolivia.. We got off the boat as an ethereal dawn celebration finished on the Cerro Santa Barbara above us to the east.. Later I spoke to young Argentine activists who told me that they were emotionally overcome by the sunrise, their eyes filled and they were rendered speechless.. If Argentine political activists can be brought to tears maybe there is some hope for change?.. From the boat we went the international press tent whose coffee tank had been removed for a refill.. From this familiar setting the event took on an unreal aspect as the hacks sat down to cover it as though it were routine.. Most of them were way out of their depth.. Maybe they too sensed the end of no-time (whatever that means) or was it the altitude and the early start?.. Digging a little deeper into the various myths which surround this date from a cacophony of local cultural perspectives (or cosmovisions as they like to call them here) the hippies, the food sovereignty activists and the bemused backpackers seemed clueless.. On a local level, however, this island of the sun has a huge significance on this day to the local Bolivian nations.. Both the Aymara and the Quechua peoples who live here see the sun as part of a holy trinity (together with the moon and the earth a.. k.. a.. Pachamama).. But this time it was somehow more significant on this the end of the 13th.. Mayan baktun evidenced by a planetary alignment which is impressive even to we who know little of astronomy.. The political message came later and it was clear.. To be brief rather more brief than President Evo Morales one hour treatise it all had to do with the D -word Development the supposed race toward the standard of living available to populations in the developed world.. As a citizen of the European periphery this seemed somewhat strange as  ...   savage capitalism) into a notion of everyone living well rather than living better (than others or better than one once lived in the past.. ) This turns the whole notion of personal development or capitalist competition on its head, replacing it with solidarity.. It is an advertising executives nightmare.. The sages (amautas) present at the event from the Incan and the Aymara culture, encourage the whole world to replace capitalist competition with living cooperatively: well instead of better.. This new solidarity perspective throws sand in the gears of capitalist production and consumption.. And there s the rub!.. Could it be that the end of no-time could bring in a culture of cooperation and no-competition? Could our current system of national growth rates survive such a culture shock? We don t know that yet.. I guess that is up to us.. We could try to internalize such an experiment while somehow immunizing ourselves to the consumer culture that clouds our senses from all angles.. What humanity is slowly realizing is that nature is teaching us that she cannot survive our current economic system.. Infinite growth is quite clearly killing our finite planet.. This growth-based system is a European model currently headquartered in New York.. Like a mould growing on a petri-dish it has grown so successfully it has begun to wipe itself out.. Maybe this model is to end now that this thirteenth baktun, the era of no-time, is over; and maybe not.. As the helicopters fly Evo and his team to join us here on the beach on the Island of the Sun, the hacks brace themselves for the bread and circuses to follow, meanwhile waiting impatiently for a coffee refill and to charge their iPads.. We journalists are quick to criticize but can we really blame our politicians? As we still see it, it is their job to compete for our vote so even Evo Morales (a politician on the vanguard of international politics) has to put on a show for votes; and quite a show it is.. Could it be that when politicians also cease to compete to be our representatives that something truly different might happen? Could we have a political sumak kawsay?.. Maybe and maybe not?.. 1 comment to Pachakuti, Isla del Sol, Lake Titicaca, Bolivia : 21/12/2012.. 19 enero 2013 at 16:46 pm.. [.. ].. densidadregional.. com/?p=520..

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  • Title: ¿Libertad o soberanía herida? « densidad regional
    Descriptive info: EL EMBARGO DE LA FRAGATA “LIBERTAD”.. O la.. retención,.. como se prefiera.. El caso es que nuestro buque escuela, está.. demorado.. en el Puerto de Accra, capital de la República de Ghana, ubicada sobre el Golfo de Guinea en África Occidental.. Debido todo a la tramitación de un exhorto diplomático-judicial que pasó a la justicia de ese país, de primera instancia seguramente, aunque la información periodística no lo aclara.. Así se dispuso que.. el navío está imposibilitado de salir a alta mar, hasta tanto se resuelva un pedido de uno de los llamados.. fondos buitre.. , originado en la justicia de Nueva York.. El mismo reclama una deuda de 1.. 600 millones de dólares, para responder a la cual, se ha embargado esta propiedad del gobierno argentino, siendo que para permitir dicho desembargo y tratar en profundidad la validez del reclamo, la justicia ghanesa exige una fianza de diez millones de dólares.. O el barco se queda en el puerto hasta tanto se resuelva en definitiva.. Recordemos que estos.. fondos buitre,.. nacieron de los acreedores que no aceptaron el canje de la deuda externa argentina en.. default.. , en Dubai, en 2005.. A estos acreedores fuera del acuerdo, les fueron adquiridos sus créditos aparentemente fáciles de cobrar en una ejecución de los mismos, por grupos de banqueros, a mitad o menos de su cotización, esperando sacar réditos usurarios de tales maniobras.. Como en el presente caso.. Y no llama la atención, que el pedido legal de embargo provenga de Nueva York, ya que las mayoría de las ejecuciones judiciales que se han efectuado contra nuestro país, provienen de dicha jurisdicción, dada la conformidad que se prestó desde la época del Innombrable, para que en el caso de divergencias  ...   la que han actuado las autoridades del país africano.. No todos los días les han de caer exhortos diplomáticos pidiendo este tipo de medidas y mucho menos por la cantidad de dólares de que se trata.. Estarán seguramente todos pendientes y no sólo los funcionarios judiciales, de poder recibir algo de los diez millones de dólares, así que el procedimiento, con toda seguridad seguirá adelante, con todas sus consecuencias.. ¿Qué hacer por nuestra parte? Si se quiere conservar el barco, pagar inmediatamente y levar anclas, antes de que aparezcan otros pedidos de embargo y ejecución, al enterarse los demás.. fondos buitres.. de lo que ha pasado en este lugar de África.. Porque si tal fuera el caso, los diez millones de dólares que se piden ahora, pueden transformarse en muchísimos más en cuestión de horas.. Y si no se entrega la caución, no puede esperarse que la justicia local no haga lugar al pedido proveniente de Nueva York y en consecuencia, está el grave riesgo de tener que asistir a la subasta de la nave.. Aunque lleve tiempo.. Así se daría el caso de que un grupo de marinos se quede un tiempo en la fragata en carácter de custodia, hasta que la tengan que entregar, y los demás tengan que volver en bote.. Lo que sería asaz lamentable.. No sólo por la significación pecuniaria, sino por la bofetada que significaría para nuestro muy herido orgullo argentino, en un país donde es política de estado el desprestigio de las fuerzas armadas y donde el ministerio de relaciones exteriores, sólo sirve para explicar su ignorancia y fracasos.. LA PLATA, octubre 7 de 2012.. SILVIO H.. COPPOLA.. Foro Regional La Plata, Berisso y Ensenada.. FORO ARGENTINO de la DEUDA EXTERNA..

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  • Title: Pachakuti, Isla del Sol, Lake Titicaca, Bolivia : 21/12/2012 « densidad regional
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  • Title: Por un Banco Del Sur al servicio de los pueblos « densidad regional
    Descriptive info: #TakeTheSquare Global 15th.. October.. Short film from Greece: Debt-ocracy.. Luego de más de cuatro años de retraso, la Cámara de Diputados aprobó la sanción definitiva a la ley que ratifica el convenio constitutivo del Banco del Sur.. Tan sólo hace unas semanas, el discurso predominante era que la crisis mundial del capitalismo, con epicentro en Europa y EEUU, no nos iba a afectar.. Pero el recrudecimiento de la misma, que se manifestó, recientemente, en la amenaza de cesación de pagos por parte de EEUU, terminó de convencer a los países que integran la UNASUR, incluso a gobiernos de derecha, de la necesidad de adoptar medidas tendientes a protegerse de los efectos de la crisis.. No es para menos.. Muchos países de la región son acreedores de los EEUU, ya que utilizaron parte importante de sus reservas internacionales para adquirir bonos del Tesoro de este país.. El argumento que se usaba para ello, consistía en que si bien se trata de bonos de escaso o nulo interés, los mismos eran fácilmente convertibles en efectivo, siendo además impensable que EEUU entrara en cesación de pagos.. Pues bien, lo inimaginable para algunos estuvo y está a punto de hacerse realidad.. A esta altura resulta evidente que la crisis capitalista global no sólo no ha cesado sino que continuará profundizándose.. Lo que pone de manifiesto la urgencia de avanzar en transformaciones de fondo..  ...   hacen a la protección de sus intereses fundamentales sigue siendo escasa.. El Banco del Sur no contempla hasta el momento la participación de la sociedad civil en las decisiones relativas a la utilización de los fondos.. El tema no es menor.. Sólo la participación popular evitará que el Banco del Sur termine siendo un instrumento al servicio de las clases dominantes locales, que sirva para financiar proyectos que refuercen el modelo productivo actual, favoreciendo así la concentración de la riqueza, el crecimiento de la pobreza y la degradación del medio ambiente.. No se trata de “blindar” al actual modelo productivo.. La gravedad de la crisis en que el capitalismo ha hundido a la humanidad, amenazando su propia existencia, exige ir más allá y avanzar en la creación de un nuevo modelo productivo y de desarrollo, que tenga como finalidad la satisfacción de las necesidades esenciales de la población, en forma justa y equitativa y en armonía con la naturaleza.. Pero ello sólo será posible si detrás de dicho proyecto se encolumnan los pueblos de la región como verdaderos artífices de sus destinos.. ATTAC Diálogo 2000 Programa Luterano sobre Deuda Ilegìtima.. Buenos Aires, 7 de septiembre de 2011.. septiembre 10th, 2011 | Tags:.. 1 comment to Por un Banco Del Sur al servicio de los pueblos.. 3 diciembre 2011 at 14:06 pm.. Para mas informacion :.. Pedro Paez Perez (TNI.. org)..

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  • Title: THE FUKUSHIMA SYNDROME « densidad regional
    Descriptive info: A choice between truth and violence.. Elizabeth Peredo Beltrán*.. The planet is changing dramatically in a way that is not natural ; it is no longer the same it was a few decades ago and its capacity to foster and protect ourselves has changed too.. Scientists affirm that human intervention has prompted global changes -and in our ability to live securely- on such a significant scale that they surpass any natural disaster caused by nature s own forces.. A study by the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme in 2004 said: Human activity now equals or surpasses nature in several biogeochemical cycles.. The spatial reach of the impacts is global, either through the flows of the Earth’s cycles or the cumulative changes in its states.. The speed of these changes is on the order of decades to centuries, not the centuries to millennia pace of comparable change in the natural dynamics of the Earth System.. (.. [1].. ).. Global changes, symptoms of devastation.. When we talk about human intervention , it could implie that we all impact on the planet in the same way.. However, this is almost a neomalthusian position, which frames the cause of the crisis as one of population growth, forgetting to mention the structural causes such as the model of production and consumption, and the ways in which resources are unequally and unjustly distributed, and where elites in both North and South without doubt are causing the main devastation to our planet.. It ignores as well the existence of thousands of cultures, peoples, and practices in the world that are opposed to this vision of pillage, who maintain sustainable practices that respect biological and ecological diversity, and who have an unappreciated potential to restore the necessary balance between humankind and nature on our planet.. The last sixty years have been, not just based on scientific but imperical data, the most rapid transformation of human relations with the natural world in the history of humanity.. Climate change is one of the most emblematic crises, because it involves all the structural reasons that have led our planet and humanity to thanatic (deadly) times.. The shocking dimension is that there are sceptics who more or less accuse the scientists of being terrorists for warning the international community of the crisis.. It is not a coincidence that the ultra-conservative Tea Party movement in the United States has promoted not only cutting funding to the Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the UN s Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), but has also called for investigations into scientists who have promoted the idea that humanity is in danger.. Obscurantism is also part of these times of global changes and rebel us in reaffirming the urgent need for transformation.. The global crisis is multidimensional and has a direct relationship with our economic model, systems of production, inequalities in human relationships and particularly with our systems of energy which rarely respond to human needs, because they were designed and created by a logic of the market and over-consumption.. The use of fossil fuels, of coal, or the supposed alternative energies like agrofuels and nuclear power have become black holes in which humanity could easily become entrapped.. This crisis is a fruit of capitalism as well as developmentalism, that was adopted by socialist as well as capitalist societies in the last century.. However it has its roots in European colonialism dating back five centuries, whose thinking justified territorial occupation, exploitation of nature and the systematic appropriation of peoples wisdom, subverted to serve a dehumanizing and all-consuming model of living.. These systems are not just structural, economic and based on production, but are also found in the subjectivity and the values embedded in culture; they are systems of domination swith strong cultural roots.. That is probably why we hear so little of the voices of nature nor even their warnings we receive from our own bodies.. The system which we call human nature has itself mutated into “something alien” in our collective memory.. There are hundreds, even thousands of actions that make up the betrayal to the planet: they all affect us, move us, touch us to the very core, even make us cry.. Yet we forget, we move them to the terrain of collective forgetting, and learn to live with violence, injustice, death and devastation.. How can we change a dominant paradigm that not only supports overconsumption and greed in order to live better at the cost of others, but  ...   of truths and lies like two intertwined textures.. This ends up looking just like nuclear contamination, which works in a similar way.. Experts say that in the nucleus of the reactor there are more than 50 radioactive contaminants produced as a result of uranium fusion (some have a short life, but some an extremely long one of hundreds of years).. These can build up in the human body because their structure is very similar to our biological constitution.. For our body, strontium for example is like iodine and calcium that is assimilated into our body even though it is profoundly harmful.. The body assimilates them, believing them to be part of us.. This example synthesizes the way we believe what we are sold as development and wellbeing; and the way we become accustomed to living without looking at what lies behind, its origins, the mechanisms, the injustices and harm that is committed in the name of development.. Just like the Fukushima tragedy, the corporations, major powers and the powerful, know what they are causing – not just as a result of nuclear energy, but also through emissions of greenhouse gases, production of agrofuels, the indiscriminate use of agrochemicals.. They know what they cause when they promote so-called free trade or the green economy with its alteration of life based on genetically modified organisms.. They know the harm they cause in the global South and its peoples.. They know the facts and the consequences of their actions but they don t tell the truth to the people.. In this sense, the Fukushima tragedy is a real metaphor for the climate and environmental crisis.. All of humanity is living a kind of.. Fukushima syndrome.. , which reveals how far we have gone in forgetting the value of life.. The powerful know what is happening, but prefer to look after their business and alliances that maintain their power; they know of the dangers but condemn their workers to death; they know that death threatens us but they dress up reality and merely regulate the means of control.. They do not respect the right to life.. Following once again the thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi, who said that the most important struggle was between truth and no violence, the choices put forward by contemporary society put violence up against truth.. To these principles of searching for.. Truth.. and.. Non Violence.. , we should also add the need to recuperate and maintain.. Memory.. as a critical base for confronting the dangers of a system that overwhelms us and in order to build our future.. Trust in capital, technology, power over nature and over the weakest are not the keys to continue living on this planet.. Memory – and therefore the struggle against impunity – along with Truth and Non Violence are signs of a battle for a transition towards a restorative society; one that is struggling into being and whose protagonists have had enough of being victims of power, lies and shame.. These principles must be indispensable bases for our day-to-day transformation because they say that despite the pain, despite the death sown by greed, despite the desperate attempts to sell us everything (including the truth); it is possible for hope to break forth like a green blade of grass through the rubble.. Translated by: Nick Buxton.. Elizabeth Peredo Bolivian Social Scientist, writer and activist on water, culture and against racism.. Member of the Latin American Network of Women Transforming the Economy (REMTE), member of the Board of Food and Water Watch based in Washington (US), promotes and coordinates the National Campaign for Blue October in Bolivia.. Currently the Executive Director of Solon Foundation.. El Cambio Global y el Sistema de la Tierra.. (Un Planeta bajo Presión) (IGBP,.. 2004).. agosto 15th, 2011 | Category:.. Cultura.. 1 comment to THE FUKUSHIMA SYNDROME.. 18 agosto 2011 at 15:10 pm.. I honor that Bolivia and the Evo Morales government is continuously in the frontline to request a change of thinking.. and a change of a system that would ultimately destroy almost all living communities of our Earth.. But I also wish that Bolivia, as a state, would be 100% in compliance with it s messages to the world within it s own borders.. Truly, the world is watching every move of Bolivia, that put s it s nose into the wind, against all storms of powerful entities.. Keep your word and show that you do what you preach in your own backyard.. PLEASE..

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  • Title: Climate degradation and Poverty; the Urban Tigers of Southeast Asia « densidad regional
    Descriptive info: Monbiot explains Political-Speak and Inactivity.. This article discusses the urban environment in a selection of Southeast Asia s largest cities from the perspective of the urban working poor.. The degradation of Asian urban environment is reviewed in the context of the first meeting of the seventeen ineffective years of the United Nations Forum on Climate Change UNFCC (COP-17), held in Bangkok, Thailand in April 2011.. BANGKOK HOST CITY.. Bangkok, like many growing mega-cities in East Asia is horrifying in its success.. Thailand s capital is seat of their omnipresent and multitalented king, US-born Bhumibol Adulyadej.. This city of skyscrapers, toll roads and Buddhist temples has hellish traffic; but the working conditions the air-quality and the water pollution are even worse.. In Bangkok streets marketers situate luxury car showrooms near traffic lights so as to give their prospective buyers plenty of time to browse the latest models from Lexus and Mercedes while stuck in a traffic jam on the way to the mall.. The better off residents of Bangkok spend much of their time in consumption of goods, services and fast food in the city s super-sized shopping malls.. Shoppers, diners and urban punk skateboarders appreciate the fact that private mall security guards are much less likely to request a bribe than the police waiting in the streets below.. This gives the malls the dual attractions of convenience and safety.. Inside these malls massive air-conditioning systems keep the air crisp, chilled and odourless, an abrupt contrast with the stench from the canal waters below.. In between the malls and the semi-occupied apartment buildings, abandoned children camp out on cardboard boxes in vacant lots.. The economy is booming but the rivers, and particularly the canals that empty into them, are fetid black and dead.. Even residents wear face masks or cover their face with a scented cloth while dashing from public transport to office air conditioning.. The poor who work near the canals cannot move.. The mechanics in the auto repair shops, the street food vendors or the tuk-tuk drivers have have no option but to get used to it.. For those that can afford it penthouses are preferred.. The further from street-level, the less the smell.. However even at altitude some complain that the brown air outside has spoiled their views.. To be fair to those responsible (if responsible is the word), Bangkok city air quality faces the double whammy of urban pollution and brown smog caused by slash and burn agriculture which drifts over most of Southeast asia.. The slash and burn techniques are done on a small scale by native groups such as the Mung hill tribes but is also the result of large-scale conversion of native forests to teak or bio-diesel plantations or leased land cleared for food production for neighbouring states such as China.. The air in Bangkok, however, is much worse than the surrounding hinterland primarily due to the internal combustion engine and local industrial smog.. The Swiss-educated Thai king is hailed by his publicists as an environmentalist.. Maybe King Adulyadej should spend more time in downtown Bangkok? The other Thai leaders; the global corporate sector and their local Thai-chinese taipans, also prefer to hide out in the air-conditioning filtering out the chemical soup from above and the rancid smell of sewage below.. A TALE OF TWO SYSTEMS.. Vietnam s largest city Saigon has now been renamed the City of Ho Chi Minh but everyone still calls it Saigon.. Saigon is the former South Vietnamese and French capital.. Hanoi is again the capital city of Vietnam since national reunification in 1976, analogous to Berlin and West Germany.. Saigon remains the hub of economic activity, a bustling port and industrial centre, comparable in many ways with Bangkok.. Both Thai and Vietnamese Governments cut deals with global capital.. The political systems inside the nations are very different but the results are very similar.. The lives of the urban poor and the environment in which they live suffer equally from the pollution from industrial activity, much of which is export-related.. Socialist Saigon is only an hour by plane from Bangkok, across the South East Asian Peninsula.. Saigon mirrors the rapid development goals of Bangkok to the West albeit with a somewhat more chaotic and light-hearted way.. Western journalists visiting Saigon never fail to comment on how the people of Vietnam, bombed then blockaded by the West, yearned for the development brought by the open markets of the free world.. Vietnam freed themselves from the chains of communism to be premiered by US President Bill Clinton with Most Favoured Nation (MFA) status, the story continues.. MFA is World Trade Organisation buzzword for people we like to do business with.. The reality in southeast asia indicates that it is really not as special as it sounds.. Carbon-copy journalism moves on to explain the advances and development of the former communist societies on returning to the capitalist.. Similar copy was published by similar news outlets from Moscow to Budapest.. Finally the happy ending and the economic dead-end with a cursive mention of Fukuyama s end of history.. Such facile journalism copy reveals more about the commentator s own attitudes to consumerism and global capitalism (or their publisher s close relationship with same) than the idiosyncrasies of the societal changes on the ground.. The image of the Vietnamese as frustrated proto-consumers underestimates the intelligence and the spirituality of the Vietnamese people.. History does not end with Most favoured Nation (MFN) status.. This article addresses an alternate ending.. That pent up demand for Western goods existed in the closed markets of Vietnam under communism is indeed evidenced by the rapid capture by Japanese, French and US brands quickly replacing the clumsily marketed Russian imports (even Russia vodka has to compete with the more expensive but brand-conscious Absolute in the liquor stores in Saigon.. ) Locals are not immune to the advertising-induced allure of glittering consumer markets.. Truth is, the Vietnamese like many nations are avid consumers of Coca-Cola and Pepsico, not that they have much choice as local brands have been bought and relabelled.. However, in the global markets of consumption the Vietnamese worker faces a slight hitch, few earn enough devaluated Dong[1] to participate on the demand side of global consumerism.. Instead Vietnam is encouraged to take the developing nation position in the global scheme of things.. Like many South American and African states, Southeast Asian new economies , Vietnam included, are encouraged by the markets to function as a supplier of commodities and cheap labour to foreign consumers.. In Vietnam they specialise in hyper-intensive rice and animal food production (from locally farmed fish and imported transgenic soya) both for export, mainly to the Chinese market.. Where more advanced industry does set up in Vietnam (brand-name clothing manufacturing for example) the industrious Vietnamese people are encouraged to produce at internationally competitive cut-price rates.. Owning a car for example, is a fantasy realised by less than 20% of the Vietnamese population.. The Vietnamese government imposes more than 100% tax on cars, they don t have the streets to cope with more traffic but they need not worry! With industrial wages of less than one US dollar an hour few Vietnamese can afford such luxury.. Most cars are taxis, government vehicles trucks and chauffeur driven executive cars for ex-pat industrialists.. The rest of the Saigon population are choking on the tailpipes of economic success.. Relentless pressure for progress and growth has meant that Saigon architects have been known to cut corners: one major bridge collapsed resulting in the official death toll of 54 workers.. Many houses too are built on swampland with inadequate drainage resulting in flooding and subsidence.. Vietnam has the death penalty for corruption but this doesn t eliminate it from the public nor from the private sector.. It just deters amateur competition.. SAME SAME.. Corporate investors seeking gains in emerging markets come from Paris, New York, Shanghai and Tokyo.. They freewheel above the local political systems or connive in the business clubs to craft them to their needs availing of the expert advice of local partners and embassy staff.. Marketing a model of western individualism and freedom of choice (an alien concept in itself in Southeast Asia)  ...   marketplace.. Marine dead zones, mass animal and plant extinctions, floods, nuclear accidents; all of these are subsumed in the cost of progress, a progress which benefits so very very few especially in the cities of Bangkok and Saigon.. In Bangkok this year, almost every nation on this planet set their delegation to begin the seventeenth round of UNFCC negotiations.. On the table now is rubber-stamping the death certificate of the Kyoto Protocol and thereby eliminate any possibility of effective international law controlling national emissions.. A more numerous but less powerful G-77 (more than 100 nations not listed in Annex 1 of the Kyoto protocol) are pushing a more progressive and hopeful Bali Agenda.. The buffaloes have locked horns and are happy in their struggle.. In truth both the G-20 and G-77 go home happy to their constituents with another stalemate, each group of nations blaming the other.. Nothing (but nothing!) must be allowed to interfere with the relentless recovery of global capital, there is only one way forward and that is unfettered economic growth.. End of story.. The United Nations is not really about Nations.. Was it ever? When founded in San Francisco before the end of World war II much of its key negotiations were around currency valuations and international competition for trade.. In the UNFCC every national delegation has its private sectors to protect; whether it be the transgenic soy exports of South and North America, the global Pentagon bases and Intellectual Property agenda of the United States or the ASEAN + 3 (China, Japan and South Korea) with their relentless drive to catch up making up for lost time.. Examples of such stakeholders are the investors in the opaque world of private capital.. Companies like Cargill who see growth in convincing a largely vegetarian Asian population of the merits of pork and chicken consumption.. Any company with environmental protection in mind would do just the opposite.. To do this it is necessary to buy cheap protein to feed to the pigs, such as Vietnamese farmed fish meal and genetically modified soy from the Americas.. The production of animal feed is a growing industry in Vietnam where labour and fishmeal are kept cheap and goods can be readily shipped to markets in neighbouring China.. One example of Cargill s forays into the Asian meat business is the US$400 million Black River[sic] Capital Partners (Food) Fund[2].. According to Kevin Lim of Reuters the fund is already 50% funded and [the fund] expects to invest about half the money in China, where people are eating more protein and fruits and less cereal and tubers.. According to the Black River Website their presence in a worldwide network of offices including Buenos Aires and Shanghai provides for valuable insights into the local markets.. and a deep understanding of the key commodity, economic and political drivers of emerging market valuations […] [and] macroeconomic fundamentals and political assessments.. [3].. Beyond criticism too are the public agendas of the giant Chinese state oil corporations, especially the China National Petroleum Company (CNPC), squeezing the last drops of oil out of the jungles, the seas, and the deserts of this planet even from the failed states of Africa where BP, Shell and Exxonmobil fear to tread.. Only coal consumption is more responsible for environmental collapse than burning oil.. If the UNFCC really intended to minimise climate change damage (already underway).. If pollution or the reduction of species extinctions (UN parlance avoiding decreased biodiversity ) were truly important or possible in that framework.. In short if anyone was really trying to save our damaged and overheated planet they would need to question the economic growth agenda, something that is not happening in the UNFCC forum.. Unsurprisingly in the UNFCC the negotiators (economists and corporate lawyers lobbied by the deep pockets of global business) are cynically successful in blocking any significant breakthroughs in this 17th year of negotiations.. This begs the question as to whether their true goal is really to make the death of our planet profitable to the last?.. OTHER VOICES.. Far from UN headquarters in the somewhat grubby Royal hotel behind the Grand Palace in central Bangkok, the regional Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO), Focus on the Global South , held a side event on Asian Climate Justice and Rights of Mother Earth.. I went along to the event and spoke with Elizabeth Peredo Beltran from a Bolivian NGO.. Ms Beltran Peredo was none too happy with this first round of negotiations of COP-17.. She told me that the official negotiations were laced with cynicism.. Bolivia is particularly important because of Pablo Solon, Bolivian UN ambassador and chief negotiator for his country here in Thailand.. His government s agenda includes preserving the glaciers close to their capital city La Paz to help ensure year-round drinking water.. Bolivia s glaciers like many others on this planet have been shrinking due to global warming.. The predominance of both natural gas and oil in the Bolivian economy creates some ambiguity in that nation s position at the forefront of an unholy G-77 alliance of island states (like Tuvalu and the the Maldives both facing removal from the map due to sea-level rises) in union with China, and various OPEC nations protecting their lucrative oil exports, including, wait for it, Saudi Arabia and China.. One of the few coherent voices demanding real solutions to climate change, Ambassador Solon shows no such ambiguity in requesting a viable solution to the climate change issue.. His nation was the only dissenting voice rejecting the Cancun compromise causing a bit of a stir in the Mexican COP-16 in 2010.. Now Bolivia has the backing of the G-77 who are all too happy to rub the faces of the Annex 1 nations in their own hypocrisy.. The Annex 1 nations have reacted by trying to destroy the Kyoto agreement and therefore remove the polluters (Annex 1) list altogether.. As the Kyoto protocol comes up for renewal in 2012 when the fist term expires the United States position is steely clear: The Kyoto Protocol is not a basis for any agreement as we are not party to this agreement.. George Bush II unsigned the United States from the Kyoto agreement after former US Vice President Al Gore tried to tie the US to a Kyoto protocol shackled by financial mechanisms such as carbon trading to make Wall Street happy.. Carbon trading has been a failure having barely succeeded in moving not solving emissions, the Kyoto protocol was rejected by a US congrees in the pockets of the oil companies and irony of ironies the biggest carbon credit market in the world is still in Chicago, USA.. The new financial Carbon market was brought to Kyoto by the same financial geniuses at Goldman Sachs which brought us the recent global financial crisis and public rescues of private banking.. A LAST WORD.. Perhaps it is best to leave the last word on the UNFCC talks to local Asian commentators.. Frances Quimpo of the Philippine NGO: Peoples Action on Climate Change (PACC) had the following to say[3]:.. The foot dragging of Annex 1 parties only betrays the primacy of business interests in their countries over the lives and welfare of peoples across the planet, poor women and children most especially.. Annex 1 countries have had almost two decades since the UNFCCC, yet.. fine prints.. or rules about emission reduction agreements are still being deliberated.. Meanwhile Kyoto Protocol targets are not being met and countries are getting away with it.. Global warming is affecting everyone across continents now and it is the majority of the world [the poor who] are the ones paying the dearest price with their lives.. Quimpo added.. NOTES:.. [1] The Dong is the Vietnamese currency currently valued at about 21 thousand dong (21,000) to one US dollar.. [2].. reuters.. com/article/2011/04/18/blackriver-food-idUSL3E7FI0CD20110418.. [3].. black-river.. com/investment_strategies/index.. htm#anc_emerging_markets.. [4].. http://thailand-business-news.. com/asean/25806-wages-for-manufacturing-workers-in-thailand-lower-than-in-china.. [5].. gendercc.. net/network/forum-news-and-debates/news-details/article/asia-pacific-women-demand-real-bold-urgent-and-gender-sensitive-commitments-for-climate-justice/83.. html?no_cache=1.. abril 25th, 2011 | Tags:.. 1 comment to Climate degradation and Poverty; the Urban Tigers of Southeast Asia.. 26 abril 2011 at 6:54 am.. ] here to read the rest: Severe Climate degradation and Poverty; the Urban Tigers of This entry was posted in NGO and tagged asian, asian-climate, bangkok, event-on-asian, global, [..

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  • Title: Defender la Madre Tierra (Pachamama) en Cochabamba « densidad regional
    Descriptive info: Defendendo a Mãe Terra em Cochabamba.. Naomi Klein: North to South Historical Debt, Copenhagen Dec.. 2009.. Mayores precisiones en Porto Alegre sobre la propuesta boliviana en la Conferencia sobre el cambio climático de Copenhage.. En la noche del 18 al 19 de diciembre, en Copenhage, pocos gobiernos se opusieron abiertamente al texto presentado por los EEUU, China Brasil, India y Sudáfrica.. Entre ellos Bolivia, representada por Evo Morales, presidente ampliamente reelegido en su país hacía apenas un mes, quién condenó firmemente dicho acuerdo tanto en su forma – por haber sido discutido en un pequeño comité sin respetar los procedimientos de trabajo de las Naciones Unidas –como por su contenido: un texto más reducido con relación a las recomendaciones del GIEC sin ningún compromiso imperioso y sin reales garantías de financiación para los países más pobres.. Algunos días después, las redes de militantes recibían una invitación firmada por Evo Morales para una “Conferencia Mundial de los Pueblos sobre el cambio climático y los derechos de la Madre Tierra” a realizarse en Cochabamba entre el 19 y el 22 de abril de 2010.. Existe un sitio web:.. http://cmpcc.. org/.. pero aunque la experiencia boliviana despertó muchas esperanzas e interés entre los movimientos populares aún existían muchos interrogantes sobre la naturaleza y el objetivo de dicha conferencia.. Pablo Solón, embajador de Bolivia ante las Naciones Unidas, viejo militante y asiduo concurrente a los Foros sociales vino a Porto Alegre facilitando la comprensión de la propuesta boliviana.. Ante el fracaso de Copenhage y la presión de los grandes países para convencer a la mayoría de los gobiernos, el firmar a pesar de todo el texto surgido de la Conferencia sobre el clima, Bolivia decide tomar la iniciativa y construir una relación de fuerzas capaz de modificar la agenda internacional.. La idea es original: invitar ampliamente y sin ningún condicionamiento a todos los gobiernos del mundo, a las instituciones internacionales, a los científicos y a todos los movimientos sociales y ONG para trabajar un texto final para encontrar puntos de consenso y tratar temas que quedaron por debatir.. Gran cantidad de gobiernos han anunciado ya su asistencia, incluidos América del Norte y la Unión Europea, de acuerdo con los objetivos bolivianos de reunir a numerosos jefes de estado y muchos ministros.. Siguiendo la misma lógica los bolivianos esperan contar con la presencia de los organismos de las Naciones Unidas, aunque queda por definir aspectos relacionados con sus niveles de representación, lo  ...   los debates será redactar declaraciones cortas que se incluirán en el texto final, debates que comenzarán a partir de febrero a través de intercambios de correo electrónico.. Junto a estos debates temáticos tendrán lugar una serie de actividades auto-organizadas y de conferencias científicas.. Se recomienda finalmente conformar comités nacionales de preparación de la conferencia, lo que permitirá la eventual creación de un movimiento o de una red después de Cochabamba.. Pueden realizarse desde ya, todas las objeciones que fueren necesarias frente a esta propuesta.. Los tiempos son muy cortos e ir a Cochabamba es caro en tiempo y dinero.. Una mezcla semejante entre representantes de movimientos sociales, de gobierno y de instituciones internacionales va a ocasionar problemas a estructuras que tienden a conservar la mayor autonomía posible.. La organización misma de la conferencia, sin comité organizador, tiene la ventaja de no herir susceptibilidades (quién está y quién no) pero planteará inevitablemente problemas de legitimidad durante la conferencia en sí misma.. Nada será posible en el plano internacional para los movimientos sociales sin internet y correo electrónico, pero todo el mundo sabe lo difícil que es organizar estos debates con esos instrumentos.. Etc.. ,etc.. Pero al mismo tiempo queda claro aquí en Porto alegre, que todos los movimientos sociales de América Latina estarán representados en Cochabamba, como también numerosas delegaciones de otros continentes conscientes de la urgencia de conformar un frente lo más amplio posible para imponer verdaderas medidas, en el plano internacional frente al cambio climático.. Y todos sabemos que en períodos de incertidumbre y de transición como los que atravesamos, las iniciativas que pueden aparecer como las más locas y más irrealizables son las que a veces cambian el curso de la historia.. Christophe Aguiton y Nicola Bullard.. Porto Alegre, 28 de enero de 2010.. enero 31st, 2010 | Tags:.. 2 comments to Defender la Madre Tierra (Pachamama) en Cochabamba.. adripino Jayo Huamaní.. 19 febrero 2010 at 18:14 pm.. Quiero saber cual es el mecanismo para asistir a este evento en abril en Bolivia, soy peruano interesado y parte de la gran Cultura Andina.. 19 febrero 2010 at 19:29 pm.. Hola Adripino,.. Es muy facíl.. Ahora hay 16 grupos incluyendo grupos de culturas indígenas latinoamericanos.. Se puede participar en un grupo por Internet y opcionalmente puede participar en el mismo grupo en Cochabamba el 19.. 4.. 2010.. Usa este enlace.. para ver los grupos o par ver si a ud.. le conviene hacer otra evento autogestionado..

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